Glossary of Zen Names and Terms

patriarch: the founder of a school and his successors in the transmission of its teaching.

prajna wisdom.

roshi "venerable (spiritual) teacher"; a Zen Master.

samadhi a state of intense concentration.

samsara the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.

sangha in the Mahayana and Zen traditions, the community of all practitioners; may refer to a family of students under a particular master.

sarira "body"; in Korean Buddhism, small crystals sometimes found among cremated remains of monks, and regarded as sacred relics.

satori the experience of awakening, enlightenment.

senior dharma teacher: in the Kwan Um School of Zen, one who has met certain training requirements, usually over at least nine years, and has taken sixteen precepts.

sesshin see Yong Maeng Jong Jin.

Shakyamuni Buddha "sage of the Shakya clan," the historical Buddha.

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