Glossary of Zen Names and Terms

bodhisattva teacher: in the Kwan Um School of Zen, one who has met certain training requirements, usually over at least ten years, and has taken sixty-four precepts.

bosalnim in Korea, a lay woman who helps at a temple

Buddha an awakened one; refers usually to Siddhartha Gautama (sixth century BCE), historic founder of Buddhism.

Buddha-nature: that which all sentient beings share and manifest through their particular form; according to Zen, the Buddha said that all things have Buddha-nature and therefore have the innate potential to become Buddha.

center: the vital energy center of the abdomen; in many Zen traditions it is considered to be the seat of the heart-body-mind. Focusing one's attention on the hara is a technique used in some forms of Zen practice for centering and developing samadhi power.

ch'i life force.

Chogye order: the major order in Korean Buddhism, formed in 1356 by the unification of the Nine Mountains Schools of Zen.

Dae Soen Sa Nim title used by Zen Master Seung Sahn's students in referring to him; "great honored Zen Master." In the Korea tradition, all Zen Masters are referred to as "Soen Sa Nim." "Dae" (great) is added to their title when a teacher turns sixty.

dharani a long, mystical chant supposed to have innate power to induce various kinds of insights or magical powers.

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